Squirrel Control in Ontario

Controlling and managing the squirrel is a challenge that Ontario’s wildlife and conservation community professionals face daily. In fact, since the founding of the province in 1873, the number of endangered species in the province has increased by a factor of ten.

By now, you’ve probably gathered that the focus in Ontario is on the bald eagles – the province’s most endangered species. But other animals are at risk, too, including the mountain deer, the American black bear, the walleye, the brown bear, and other animals that can be commercially shot or trapped.

Animals in Natural Habitat

There is some hope for some of these animals since efforts are being made to release them into their natural habitat. But the problem is, there’s no guarantee these animals will make it back to their natural range. When it comes to squirrels, there are several types that are found such as:

  1. Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis): The Eastern Gray Squirrel is one of the most common squirrel species in North America. They are typically gray with white fur on their bellies and tails and can be found in both urban and rural environments.
  2. Red Squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus): The Red Squirrel is a smaller species of the squirrel with reddish-brown fur and a white belly. They are typically found in forests and woodlands and are known for their vocalizations.
  3. Fox Squirrels (Sciurus niger): The Fox Squirrel is a larger species of the squirrel with brown or gray fur and a distinctive rusty-red belly. They are typically found in woodlands and forests.
  4. Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys spp.): Flying Squirrels are a type of squirrel that can glide through the air using a flap of skin between their front and back legs. There are two species of Flying Squirrel found in North America: the Northern Flying Squirrel and the Southern Flying Squirrel.
  5. Ground Squirrel (Xerus spp.): Ground Squirrels are a type of squirrel that lives on the ground rather than in trees. There are several species of Ground Squirrel found in North America.

Fishipping in Your Area

Fishipping is a strategy used to introduce exotic species to the region. Often, this involves shooting a species in its natural habitat, such as the walleye in its stream or the brown bear in its natural habitat. Once in the wild, it is quickly recaptured and released into the stream or stream-based environment where it can expand its range. Some species, however, are more docile and do not return to the stream banks even after being released. The provincial government is exploring the use of small boats to fish in the area, but so far, it is too expensive to make a profit from.

Eastern Grey Squirrels

Eastern grey squirrels are one of the most common and recognizable species of squirrels in North America, including Ontario, Canada. These small, agile creatures are known for their bushy tails, which help them maintain balance as they leap from tree to tree. Eastern grey squirrels are usually grey in color, with a white underbelly, and can grow up to 18 inches in length, including their tail. There are different types of squirrels and individual squirrels have two breeding periods. Some Eastern gray squirrels have two color phases and they are active year-round although other eastern grey squirrels have large bushy tails.

Eastern grey squirrels are highly adaptable and can thrive in a variety of environments, including urban areas. They are known for their excellent problem-solving abilities, as well as their ability to hoard food for the winter months. Young squirrels run beautifully through pine cones, tree bark, and other trees. Their black stripes are the most notable physical feature. While these squirrels are generally harmless and can be a delight to watch, they can sometimes become a nuisance if they start to damage property or steal food from bird feeders. As such, it’s important to take measures to prevent conflicts with these animals and respect their natural habitats.

Difference Between Grey Squirrel and Red Squirrels in Ontario

Red squirrels and grey squirrels are two of the most common squirrel species in North America, and while they share some similarities, there are several key differences between the two.

One of the most obvious differences between red and grey squirrels is their physical appearance. As the name suggests, red squirrels have reddish-brown fur on their backs, with white fur on their underbellies. They are smaller than grey squirrels, with slender bodies and distinctive ear tuft. Grey squirrels, on the other hand, are larger and heavier, with greyish-brown fur and a white underbelly.

In early spring, the woods come alive with the sounds of the scampering animal jumping. Among the most graceful and acrobatic are the southern flying squirrels, easily recognizable by their large bushy tails that they use to steer themselves while gliding from tree to tree. These squirrels are smaller than their tree squirrel counterparts and have a gray-brown coat, while some individuals have black fur which makes them black squirrels. While the dominant male squirrels may be more active, it is the female squirrels who choose the nesting sites in mature trees where they raise their young. Watching these little creatures leap from tree to tree with such ease reminds us of the wonder of nature and the beauty of the world around us.

Major Difference

Another major difference between red and grey squirrels is their habitat preferences. Red squirrels tend to prefer coniferous forests, while grey squirrels are more adaptable and can be found in a variety of environments, including urban areas. Red squirrels are also more solitary and territorial than grey squirrels, which are more social and can live in large groups.

In terms of diet, red and grey squirrels have some similarities but also some differences. Both species are omnivores and eat a variety of foods, including nuts, seeds, fruits, and insects. However, red squirrels have a more specialized diet and rely heavily on conifer seeds, while grey squirrels are known for their ability to adapt to different food sources and can often be seen raiding bird feeders.

How to Prevent Squirrels in Ontario

Squirrels are cute and fascinating creatures to observe, but they can also become a nuisance if they start to damage property or steal food from bird feeders. Here are some tips on how to prevent squirrels in Ontario:

  1. Use squirrel-proof bird feeders: Squirrels are notorious for raiding bird feeders and stealing the food meant for birds. Invest in a squirrel-proof bird feeder that is designed to keep squirrels out.
  2. Use repellents: There are several types of squirrel repellents available on the market, including sprays, granules, and electronic devices. These products can help deter squirrels from entering your property or damaging your garden.
  3. Trim tree branches: Squirrels are excellent climbers and can easily jump from tree branches to reach your roof or bird feeder. To prevent this, trim tree branches that are close to your home or bird feeder.
  4. Seal entry points: Squirrels can enter your home through small openings in the roof or walls. Inspect your home for any potential entry points and seal them with caulking or mesh wire.
  5. Keep garbage cans secure: Squirrels are attracted to garbage cans because they can find food scraps inside. Keep your garbage cans securely closed to prevent squirrels from accessing them.
  6. Provide alternative food sources: If you have a garden, consider planting some fruits or vegetables that squirrels can eat. This can help divert their attention from your bird feeder or other property.


In conclusion, squirrels are fascinating creatures that play an important role in the ecosystem. While they can be a delight to observe, they can also become a nuisance if they start to damage property or steal food from bird feeders. Fortunately, there are several ways to prevent squirrels in Ontario, including using squirrel-proof bird feeders, trimming tree branches, sealing entry points, and providing alternative food sources.

By taking these measures, we can coexist peacefully with these beautiful animals and appreciate the wonder of nature. It’s important to respect the natural behavior of squirrels and allow them to live in their habitats without interference, while also taking precautions to avoid conflicts with humans. By working together, we can create a sustainable environment for both humans and wildlife.